The Role of Public Enterprises in the Innovative Development of the Economy of the Republic of Tajikistan

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The Role of Public Enterprises in the Innovative Development of the Economy of the Republic of Tajikistan

The relevance of the study is due to the lack of scientific research devoted to assessing the state and searching for
new tools to activate innovative processes in the economy of Tajikistan, as well as a number of systemic problems that
have developed in the innovation sphere. The article aims to study the role of state-owned enterprises in Tajikistan
in the innovative development of the national economy in modern conditions. The objectives of the research are
1) analysis of factors influencing the innovative development of the economy of Tajikistan; 2) assessment of the role
of public enterprises in the innovative development of the economy; 3) development of proposals to increase the
innovative activity of state-owned enterprises. The author applies methods of analysis of statistical data and strategic
documents of Tajikistan and the public corporate sector, generalization, grouping, observation, benchmarking, tabular
and graphical analysis. The study shows that the problems of innovative development of Tajikistan are determined
by the discrepancy between the chosen model of public administration and innovative development, which is a key
deterrent to modernization and transition to an innovative path. It was revealed that most of the deterring factors of
innovative development were formed not in the external, but the internal environment and they are localized in the
field of public administration. Due to the low socio-economic status of the country, insufficient development of state
institutions and institutions of a market economy, and control over the expenditure of budgetary resources, even large
state-owned enterprises are experiencing financial difficulties. The author concludes that the government of Tajikistan
should conduct financial rehabilitation of unprofitable enterprises, abandon ineffective management methods, carry out
a comprehensive audit of tax incentives, revise the model for managing innovative development of the economy as a
whole — shift the focus from large but ineffective state-owned enterprises to comprehensive support for science and
small forms of innovative entrepreneurship.

A. A. T oshpulotov
Russian-Tajik (Slavonic) University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

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